From all over the world, India has a different country. India is the second most populus country of the World. There is a state namely as Jammu & Kashmir, the people of India knows only two things about that particular state. The first one is J&K is militant area and the other one is J&K is state where snowfall down. Similarly, Naxlites revolves in India. It is just like a silent militant. That, created a movement called Naxlite movement in India.
Naxlite movement in India
The term ‘Naxlite’ is comes from word “Naxalbari“. It is a small village in the Dargling district of West Bengal. The year was 1967, when a small group of communist party of India members led by Charu Mazumdar, Kanu Sanyal and Jangle santhal. It was decided to initiative an armed struggle against large landowners. It, s forcibly takes away their lands and re – distribute it amongst the landless.
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Kanu sanyal call for an armed struggle got its first voice of support from Jangal santhal. Jangal Santhal at the time was the president of “Siliguri Kisan Sabha“. On 18 June, 1967 , he gave a call for support to armed struggle.
India Fighting with itself
The year was 2008, Prime Minister of India. Dr. Manmohan Singh warned “Naxlism is the greatest threat to our internal security”. The credit for the survival of the movement for over 40 years. It must go to Government, which was failed in addressing the causes and conditions that sustain the movement. The problem has been in the Indian state, s perception of the causes of Naxal movement.
Subsequent Government measures in fighting the naxalites:-
The Government did initiate to correct past mistakes by launching several new laws that include :-
1. Chattisgarh special public securities Act, 2006
2. Forest Rights Act, 2006
3. Rehabilitation and Resettlement policy, 2007
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Causes of Naxlism
1. The root cause of Naxlite problem. It remain in ill treatment meted out to familial of India in post independent India.
2. 15% of land in India was occupied by familial people.
3. Government looked into the problems of their Governance.
A threat to the state of India, Naxalbari has not died. It will never die. Charu Mazumdar, long live the heroic peasants in Naxalbari. Liberation, July 1971 to jan 1972. One of the largest internal security threats that the Government of India faces today is Naxalism. Recent report show that, Naxalist movements have spread to as many 22 states and 122 districts across India.
The Red area on this map shows that, this area are covered by Naxalites. At past, naxalites started kidnappings of landowners and giving money. Area effected by the naxlite movement is known as “Red Coridore”. It is harmful and dangerous for future generation. The effect of naxalism is increases day -by – day.